The ‘How Young People are Faring during COVID-19’ National and Electorate Fact Sheets draw on data from the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS), and a nationally representative poll of 1,020 young people (18-24), conducted by Essential Research to reveal the key challenges facing young Australians across the country.
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The people who are considered unemployed are of working age, actively seeking and available to start work but are without work. This statistics fails to capture the full impact of COVID-19 job or income losses, as some people have stopped looking for work due to there being no or limited jobs available, and others are technically employed but are functionally unemployed as they are working zero hours.
This is composed of young people who are considered officially unemployed by the ABS and those who have left the labour force since the pandemic began.
Youth employment statistics
Using labour market data from the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) at each Statistical Level 4 (SA4) across Australia we estimate the share of unemployment and labour market participation in each electorate. This is done by taking unemployment and labour market participation figures in all SA4s overlapping the electorate, and then calculating a weighted average based on the percentage of the electorate’s residents living in each overlapping SA4 in 2016.
This is the same methodology utilised by Grattan Institute using the ABS and Australian Tax Office (ATO) payroll jobs data, for more information please refer to https://blog.grattan.edu.au/2020/05/job-losses-caused-by-covid-19-electorate-by-electorate/
The data referenced is drawn from a nationally representative online poll of n=1,020 young people (18-24), conducted by Essential Research on behalf of Foundation for Young Australians in June 2020. The data is weighted against Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) Census 2016 data for gender, age and location within the 18-24 year old population.
This poll contains specific questions about the impact of COVID-19 on young people’s lives, and what they thought about the recovery led by the Federal Government. The report on these results can be found here.
This data is broken down into electorate classifications (i.e. Metro or Regional), so the data represented in the fact sheets refers to young people’s opinions in similar areas. With the exception of rural or remote electorates which utilise state or national data due to the low sample sizes in these regions.
These estimates are drawn from the monthly Labour Force Survey. Which samples approximately 26,000 dwellings across Australia which represents 0.32% of the Australian population.
The sample is stratified across the regions of Australia to ensure a representative sample of survey participants. As a result, regions with lower populations tend to have fewer people sampled. Estimates produced from small samples are generally subject to proportionally higher sampling error, compared with estimates produced using larger samples. For more information please visit the ABS website: https://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs@.nsf/Latestproducts/6291.0.55.001Quality%20Declaration0May%202020?opendocument&tabname=Notes&prodno=6291.0.55.001&issue=May%202020&num=&view=
Essential Research Polling conducted on behalf of FYA http://fya.org.au/wp-content/uploads/2020/07/Foundation-for-Young-Australians-Reserach-Report-2020-D2-1.pdf
Australian Bureau of Statistics (2020), “6291.0.55.001 – Labour Force, Australia, Detailed – Electronic Delivery, May 2020” – Table RM1. Available at: https://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs@.nsf/DetailsPage/6291.0.55.001May%202020?OpenDocument
Australian Bureau of Statistics (2020), “2082.0 – Discover Your Commonwealth Electoral Division, Australia, 2019”. Available at: https://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs@.nsf/DetailsPage/2082.02019?OpenDocument