The Census is the most comprehensive data source in Australia, collected every five years and the only source that gives such detailed information on what is happening in each electorate.
Although the Census is two years old, the trends indicated in this data are reflected in more recently collected data at the national level. For example, according to the ABS Labour Force Survey (a sample survey of approximately 0.32% of the population of Australia aged 15 years and over) the youth unemployment rate in December 2018 was 11.3%. This is lower than the 13% recorded by the same survey in August 2016 when the Census was conducted, in contrast the Census recorded youth unemployment at 14.9%
While there has been some improvement in youth unemployment in the last two years, youth unemployment remains at levels well above the rest of the population. Since 2013 the national youth unemployment rate has climbed from around 12% to as high as 14%, before dropping below 12% in 2018. By comparison the national unemployment rate for all ages is 5%.
The people who are considered unemployed are of working age, actively seeking and available to start work but are without work.
This figure calculates extra earnings if the youth unemployment rate was the same as the 25+ unemployment rate, assuming the extra people employed earned the average weekly earnings ($506 per week) for young people (15-24 years-old). This figure would be even higher if the opportunity cost of underemployed young people was included.
This figure calculates the number of people in each occupation where, based on changes in tasks to date, more than half of the tasks currently undertaken are expected to change in the future.
Data Source: ABS, O*NET, AlphaBeta analysis.
Methodology in brief:
O*NET occupational survey data on frequency of activities performed at work was used to estimate the time spent on activities for over 950 US occupations. For the purpose of the analysis in these fact sheets the results were then converted from American occupations to equivalent Australian occupations using concordance tables mapping US SOC codes to ANZSCO codes.
This figure was published in FYA’s New Work Order report. This report showed that currently around 70% of young Australians get their first job in roles that will either look very different or be completely lost in the next 10 to 15 years due to automation.
This figure utilises chances of automation for each of the 8 occupational major groups have been obtained from the Centre for Economic Development of Australia, and ABS data on the proportion of young Australians employed in the occupational major group. For more information and methodology please see the New Work Order report here.
Australian Bureau of Statistics (2006, 2016), Census table builder. Available at: http://www.abs.gov.au/websitedbs/censushome.nsf/home/tablebuilder
ABS 5518.0.55.001 – Government Finance Statistics, Education, Australia, 2016-17. Figure sourced from Government operating expenses on education, all levels of Government expenditure. Available at: http://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs@.nsf/MF/5518.0.55.001
ABS Population Projections (2017), utilising mid-range population projections utilised medium fertility, medium life expectancy and medium net overseas migration. Available at: http://stat.data.abs.gov.au/Index.aspx?DataSetCode=POP_PROJ_2011#
Foundation for Young Australians (2018), New Work Reality. Available at: https://www.fya.org.au/wp-content/uploads/2018/06/FYA_TheNewWorkReality_sml.pdf
Foundation for Young Australians (2015), New Work Order. Available at: https://www.fya.org.au/wp-content/uploads/2015/08/fya-future-of-work-report-final-lr.pdf